A plethora of information can be gained from examining a patient’s abdomen. Subtle signs in the hands, face, and chest can give an indication of the risk factors and pathologies that may be present. The abdominal viscera covers multiple body systems, so each one must be examined carefully in turn
However, specialist areas such as hernia examination and stoma examination should be areas that every surgeon should be able to competently perform. And no examination for a patient presenting with abdominal pain is complete without a digital rectal examination.