The Ankle and Foot
The ankle joint is a synovial joint formed by the bones of the leg (tibia and fibula) and the foot (talus). Functionally, it acts as a hinge type joint, permitting dorsiflexion and plantarflexion of the foot.
Perhaps the most important orthopaedic condition to be aware of affecting the ankle is the ankle fracture, classified by the Weber classification. This condition needs to be identified and managed early, as delay in management can lead to an increased risk of post-traumatic arthritis.
Lots of orthopaedic problems affecting the foot will also commonly present to general practice, ranging from hallux valgus to plantar fasciitis, therefore a wide net of knowledge will be essential for all doctors when managing these presentations.