Orthopaedic surgeons are those specialising in the musculoskeletal system. Within this there is a wide range of sub-specialities, covering both elective and emergency practice, from the head to the toes. Orthopaedic presentations are some of the most common presentations to an emergency department and to primary care. Therefore every clinician should be able to perform competent orthopaedic examinations and know the more common orthopaedic presentations.
The general core principles of orthopaedic surgery range from osteoarthritis to fracture management, from septic arthritis to bone tumours. Surgical trainees especially should ensure they are competent in diagnosing and managing (at least initially). There is a huge spectrum of injuries that fall under orthopaedics that are explored further in this section and make sure you learn about the key conditions, as many will present in nearly every aspect of clinical practice.