The pancreas is a retroperitoneal organ positioned at the level of the transpyloric plane. It is an abdominal glandular organ with both exocrine and endocrine functions.
Acute pancreatitis is most commonly caused by gallstones or alcohol excess. It is a relatively common condition, however in a proportion of cases, it can be severe and require a higher level of support and monitoring. Chronic pancreatitis should be treated as a separate clinical entity, however acute-on-chronic flares are still common.
Unfortunately pancreatic cancer remains a condition with poor survival outcomes, therefore any suspected cases should be investigated promptly. Pancreatic cysts are usually benign, but need proper investigation for malignancy to be excluded.