The liver is the largest intraperitoneal organ and also the largest gland in the human body. It is an accessory digestive gland, performing a wide range of functions, including synthesis of bile, glycogen storage, and clotting factor production.
Fortunately, surgical pathologies primarily originating from the liver are rare. Primary liver cancer is less common, especially in developed countries, however metastatic liver deposits are often the mainstay of liver pathology.
Liver abscesses are also rare in developed countries, however do still present and need to be managed appropriately. Liver cysts are reasonably common, however usually are picked up incidentally and rarely are malignant in nature.